Preparation of the car to leave for the winter holidays
The car, which go in the winter requires special care and protection. Driving over short distances, even during the hard frost is not a problem, but the car must be carefully prepared, if we want to go before the winter holidays. Then we should buy a proper engine oil, which is resistant to low temperatures, and also check the performance of our tires. Some people, although they can drive with winter tires all year round, but in the case of departure for further route is better to replace tires on decent winter tires. We should also bear in mind that driving in winter requires an efficient automobile brakes because the car much more likely to be exposed to the need for hard braking.
Servicing cars is very much needed almost every driver. In the event of sudden failure of the car just a phone call to a friendly mechanic to help it through the phone indicate the source of the problem and identify a solution. However, most often it is necessary to visit a garage. I must admit that if we go about our work in this profession really honestly, we can even start earning well. Of course, the most profitable is to conduct your own garage, but working as a mechanic can also be one of the more rewarding physical activity. For many men, it is also very enjoyable because of the interest in automobiles.
Some simpler designs
In the crankcase of a vehicle engine, motor oil lubricates rotating or sliding surfaces between the crankshaft journal bearings (main bearings and big-end bearings), and rods connecting the pistons to the crankshaft. The oil collects in an oil pan, or sump, at the bottom of the crankcase. In some small engines such as lawn mower engines, dippers on the bottoms of connecting rods dip into the oil at the bottom and splash it around the crankcase as needed to lubricate parts inside. In modern vehicle engines, the oil pump takes oil from the oil pan and sends it through the oil filter into oil galleries, from which the oil lubricates the main bearings holding the crankshaft up at the main journals and camshaft bearings operating the valves. In typical modern vehicles, oil pressure-fed from the oil galleries to the main bearings enters holes in the main journals of the crankshaft. From these holes in the main journals, the oil moves through passageways inside the crankshaft to exit holes in the rod journals to lubricate the rod bearings and connecting rods. Some simpler designs relied on these rapidly moving parts to splash and lubricate the contacting surfaces between the piston rings and interior surfaces of the cylinders. However, in modern designs, there are also passageways through the rods which carry oil from the rod bearings to the rod-piston connections and lubricate the contacting surfaces between the piston rings and interior surfaces of the cylinders. This oil film also serves as a seal between the piston rings and cylinder walls to separate the combustion chamber in the cylinder head from the crankcase. The oil then drips back down into the oil pan.45
Motor oil may also serve as a cooling agent. In some constructions oil is sprayed through a nozzle inside the crankcase onto the piston to provide cooling of specific parts that undergo high temperature strain. On the other hand, the thermal capacity of the oil pool has to be filled, i.e. the oil has to reach its designed temperature range before it can protect the engine under high load. This typically takes longer than heating the main cooling agent ? water or mixtures thereof ? up to its operating temperature. In order to inform the driver about the oil temperature, some older and most high performance or racing engines feature an oil thermometer.
Due to its high viscosity, motor oil is not always the preferred oil for certain applications. Some applications make use of lighter products such as WD-40, when a lighter oil is desired, or honing oil if the desired viscosity needs to be mid-range.6